Evolving topology and weights of specialized and non-specialized neuro-controllers for robot motion in various environments

Adham Salih, Amiram Moshaiov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper deals with the topology and weight evolution of Neuro-Controllers (NCs). It focuses on meta-problems of developing motion controllers that can operate successfully in several given motion-problems, where each of these motion problems defers by the arena and task. Here, the evolution aims to find both specialized and non-specialized controllers. The non-specialized controllers are evolved to provide a successful motion for the entire set of the given motion-problems, whereas each specialized controller is evolved to be optimal in at least one of these problems. The meta-problem is defined as a many-objective optimization problem, in which the kth objective is to maximize the motion performance in the kth motion problem. Following the problem description, a decomposition-based evolutionary algorithm, which is termed NEWS/D, is presented. This algorithm, which has recently been proposed by the authors, is specially designed to allow the topology and weight evolution of NCs under a large number of objectives. Next, the algorithm is applied to find NCs for three meta-problems, i.e., three sets of motion problems. The results of the experiments show that the obtained three sets of NCs include both specialized and non-specialized controllers. In addition, the proposed approach of many-objective topology and weight evolution of NCs is analyzed in comparison with other approaches, including three versions of decomposition-based fixed topology optimization. It is shown here that for the same number of evaluations, NEWS/D achieved better results than those of the other approaches. Finally, a topology analysis is carried out for the specialized NCs, which suggests that the solution includes multiple equivalent NCs. The numerical implications of this phenomenon are left for future work.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeural Computing and Applications
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Decomposition approach
  • Evolutionary robotics
  • Many-objective optimization
  • Neuro-evolution
  • Robot motion control
  • Topology and weight evolution

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