Evolutionary plasticity of methionine biosynthesis

Uri Gophna, Eric Bapteste, W. Ford Doolittle, Dvora Biran, Eliora Z. Ron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Methionine is an essential cellular constituent, the initiator of protein synthesis and a precursor in many metabolic activities, such as methylation and formylation. Here we investigate the genomic distribution of the methionine biosynthetic pathway and analyze its evolutionary history by reconstructing the phylogeny of its enzymatic components. We demonstrate the evolutionary complexity of methionine synthesis and describe the various mechanisms that have shaped this biosynthetic pathway: gene duplication, functional reassignment, lateral acquisition and gene loss. Lateral gene transfer within and between domains and gene recruitment have played an important role in the evolution of this pathway, especially in its first and third enzymatic steps-homoserine activation and homocysteine methylation. These analyses are also the basis of predictions regarding methionine synthesis in Archaea, where the pathway is yet to be characterized. This study illustrates how diverse molecular solutions can fulfill a conserved function in living beings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-57
Number of pages10
JournalGene
Volume355
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Cystathionine
  • Evolutionary patchwork
  • Homocysteine
  • Homoserine trans-acetylase
  • Homoserine trans-succinylase
  • Horizontal gene transfer

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