Evolution of hydrodynamic and statistical parameters of gas-liquid slug flow along inclined pipes

R. van Hout*, L. Shemer, D. Barnea

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The development of slug flow along two 10 m long inclined pipes (2-90° from the horizontal) with internal diameters of 0.024 and 0.054 m was measured by three optical fiber probes. The probes were located in a measurement module at axial distances of 0.020 m between the fiber tips. To measure the evolution of slug flow, the module was placed at different positions along the pipe. Instantaneous elongated bubble velocities and corresponding elongated bubble and liquid slug lengths were determined by processing the optical probe signals. The evolution of the liquid slug and elongated bubble length distributions along the pipes is characterized by a gradual growth of the mean and mode values. The growth rate decreases with decreasing inclination. Mean elongated bubble lengths have a minimum at about 60°, while mean liquid slug lengths decrease slowly with decreasing inclination angle. The coalescence rate, defined as the decrease in the ensemble size, becomes almost negligible at x/D 60, independent of pipe diameter, flow rates and inclination angle. The slug frequency has a maximum at about 60° inclination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-133
Number of pages19
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Evolution of gas-liquid slug flow
  • Inclined pipes
  • Length distributions
  • Multiphase flow
  • Slug frequency


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