Evidence on major gene control of cortical index in pedigree data from Middle Dalmatia, Croatia

Emil Ginsburg, Tatjana Kari-Juri, Eugene Kobyliansky, Ida Malkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It was recently reported that the inheritance of the metacarpal cortical index (CI) in the Chuvashian population can be described in terms of a major gene (MG) model. By applying transmission probability tests, the hypothesis was accepted that not only baseline level of CI but also its sex-specific dependence on age were under control of the same putative large-effect gene. Using a pedigree sample from the population of the islands of Middle Dalmatia, Croatia (847 observed individuals in 278 pedigrees), data are presented to support the above findings. The following hypotheses were accepted: (i) inheritance of baseline CI in the Croatian population can be attributed to the effect of a MG responsible for about 42% of the variation; (ii) the same MG takes part in the control of the dependence of CI on age, particularly the age at onset of involutive bone changes (infection point), and of the rate of decrease in CI with age (slope coefficient). Issues related to the assortative mating effect on CI and the determination of the most parsimonious model are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-408
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2001

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