The number of cells in the S-phase fraction of the cell cycle reflects proliferative activity. Using flow cytometry histograms and the Phoenix M+ cell cycle program, the percent of cells in the S-phase fraction was measured in single cell suspensions prepared from testes of hamsters of different ages. A cyclical pattern with a period of 9 days, superimposed on another rhythm with a 38 day period was observed (p < 0.01) during hamster maturation and it disappeared after the second spermatogenic wave, where the S phase values reached a plateau. It was concluded that maturing animals passed through a stage in which testicular biological rhythm was involved. Therefore it was concluded that it takes approximately two spermatogenic waves before the proliferation rate in the testis reached a steady state.
- Golden hamster