Evaluation of damage to the testicular cells of golden hamsters caused by experimental cryptorchidism using flow cytometry and confocal microscopy

Margarita Vigodner*, L. M. Lewin, L. Shochat, I. Oschry, G. Lotan, B. Kleen, R. Golan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Artificial unilateral cryptorchidism was performed in golden hamsters which were then held for different periods of time. The non-operated side was used as a control. At various times from 4 to 15 days, hamsters were killed, testes were removed and weighed, single cell suspensions were prepared for flow cytometry analysis and seminiferous tubules were fixed for confocal microscopy. Using DNA staining by propidium iodide or acridine orange followed by flow cytometry analysis, a marked decrease in the haploid condensed cell fraction was detected at the beginning stages of experimental cryptorchidism. In correlation with flow cytometry results, spermiogenic arrest at stages IX and X of seminiferous epithelium was detected in these animals by confocal microscopy and there were no mature forms of haploid cells in the cryptorchid testis. In the testis with more severe damage, there were almost no haploid cells in the seminiferous tubules of cryptorchid animals. In addition, a significant decrease in tetraploid cell fraction and an increase in S-phase fraction was obtained in severe cases. This may be explained by cell arrest before entrance into meiosis. Destruction of tubule structure and cell arrangement were also observed by confocal microscopy in such cases. In conclusion, flow cytometry, combined with confocal analysis, added useful information about spermatogenesis disturbances in cryptorchid testis and it may be used as diagnostic tools in other cases of spermatogenic disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-90
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Andrology
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003

Keywords

  • Confocal microscopy
  • Experimental cryptorchidism
  • Flow cytometry
  • Golden hamster

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