Evaluation of clinical presentation and referral indications for ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid as possible predictors of thyroid cancer

Sara Abu-Ghanem, Oded Cohen, Anna Lazutkin, Yasmin Abu-Ghanem, Dan M. Fliss, Moshe Yehuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Whether initial clinical presentation and thyroid ultrasonography referral indications can significantly predict malignant/suspicious for malignancy (Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology [Bethesda] V/VI) thyroid ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology results is unknown. Methods Between January 2010 and May 2014, we performed 705 thyroid ultrasound-guided FNA biopsies, according to the American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines. Univariate analysis was used to identify significant predictors for Bethesda V/VI thyroid ultrasound-guided FNA cytology, including age, sex, imaging modality, thyroid dysfunction, neck pain, breathing difficulties, dysphagia, odynophagia, fatigue, lateral cervical mass, parotid mass, and hyperparathyroidism. Results Sixty percent of patients were referred to thyroid ultrasound-guided FNA because of thyroid incidentalomas and 40% because of palpable thyroid nodules found on physical examination. Only positron emission tomography (PET)-CT emerged as being a significant predictor for Bethesda V/VI thyroid ultrasound-guided FNA cytology (odds ratio [OR] = 5.64; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.16-27.33; p =.03). Conclusion Patient symptomatology and initial clinical thyroid ultrasound-guided FNA referral indications cannot predict the nature of thyroid nodules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E991-E995
JournalHead and Neck
Volume38
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • clinical presentation
  • fine-needle aspiration (FNA)
  • incidentaloma
  • thyroid cancer
  • ultrasound

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