Evaluation of artificial intelligence-powered identification of large-vessel occlusions in a comprehensive stroke center

A. Yahav Dovrat, M. Saban, G. Merhav, I. Lankri, E. Abergel, A. Eran, D. Tanne, R. G. Nogueira, R. Sivan Hoffmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Artificial intelligence algorithms have the potential to become an important diagnostic tool to optimize stroke workflow. Viz LVO is a medical product leveraging a convolutional neural network designed to detect large-vessel occlusions on CTA scans and notify the treatment team within minutes via a dedicated mobile application. We aimed to evaluate the detection accuracy of the Viz LVO in real clinical practice at a comprehensive stroke center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Viz LVO was installed for this study in a comprehensive stroke center. All consecutive head and neck CTAs performed from January 2018 to March 2019 were scanned by the algorithm for detection of large-vessel occlusions. The system results were compared with the formal reports of senior neuroradiologists used as ground truth for the presence of a large-vessel occlusion. RESULTS: A total of 1167 CTAs were included in the study. Of these, 404 were stroke protocols. Seventy-five (6.4%) patients had a large-vessel occlusion as ground truth; 61 were detected by the system. Sensitivity was 0.81, negative predictive value was 0.99, and accuracy was 0.94. In the stroke protocol subgroup, 72 (17.8%) of 404 patients had a large-vessel occlusion, with 59 identified by the system, showing a sensitivity of 0.82, negative predictive value of 0.96, and accuracy of 0.89. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience evaluating Viz LVO shows that the system has the potential for early identification of patients with stroke with large-vessel occlusions, hopefully improving future management and stroke care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of artificial intelligence-powered identification of large-vessel occlusions in a comprehensive stroke center'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this