TY - JOUR

T1 - Euclidean Steiner shallow-light trees

AU - Solomon, Shay

N1 - DBLP's bibliographic metadata records provided through http://dblp.org/search/publ/api are distributed under a Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. Although the bibliographic metadata records are provided consistent with CC0 1.0 Dedication, the content described by the metadata records is not. Content may be subject to copyright, rights of privacy, rights of publicity and other restrictions.
Vol. 6 No. 2 (2015): Special issue of Selected Papers from SoCG 2014

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - A spanning tree that simultaneously approximates a shortest-path tree and a minimum spanning tree is called a shallow-light tree(shortly, SLT). More specifically ,an (α,β)-SLT of a weighted undirected graph G= (V,E,w) with respect to a designated vertex rt ∈ V is a spanning tree of G with: (1)root-stretch α– it preserves all distances between rt and the other vertices up to a factor of α, and (2) lightness β– it has weight at most β times the weight of a minimum spanning tree MST(G) of G. Tight tradeoffs between the parameters of SLTs were established by Awerbuch et al. in PODC’90 and by Khuller et al. in SODA’93. They showed that for any >0, any graph admits a (1 +,O(1))-SLT with respect to any root vertex, and complemented this result with a matching lower bound. Khuller et al. asked if the upper bound β=O(1) on the lightness of SLTs can be improved in Euclidean spaces. In FOCS’11 Elkin and this author gave a negative answer to this question, showing a lower bound of β= Ω(1) that applies to 2-dimensional Euclidean spaces. In this paper we show that Steiner points lead to a quadratic improvement in Eu-clidean SLTs, by presenting a construction of Euclidean Steiner (1 +,O(√1))-SLTs in arbitrary 2-dimensional Euclidean spaces. The lightness bound β=O(√1) of our con-struction is optimal up to a constant. The runtime of our construction, and thus the number of Steiner points used, are bounded by O(n).

AB - A spanning tree that simultaneously approximates a shortest-path tree and a minimum spanning tree is called a shallow-light tree(shortly, SLT). More specifically ,an (α,β)-SLT of a weighted undirected graph G= (V,E,w) with respect to a designated vertex rt ∈ V is a spanning tree of G with: (1)root-stretch α– it preserves all distances between rt and the other vertices up to a factor of α, and (2) lightness β– it has weight at most β times the weight of a minimum spanning tree MST(G) of G. Tight tradeoffs between the parameters of SLTs were established by Awerbuch et al. in PODC’90 and by Khuller et al. in SODA’93. They showed that for any >0, any graph admits a (1 +,O(1))-SLT with respect to any root vertex, and complemented this result with a matching lower bound. Khuller et al. asked if the upper bound β=O(1) on the lightness of SLTs can be improved in Euclidean spaces. In FOCS’11 Elkin and this author gave a negative answer to this question, showing a lower bound of β= Ω(1) that applies to 2-dimensional Euclidean spaces. In this paper we show that Steiner points lead to a quadratic improvement in Eu-clidean SLTs, by presenting a construction of Euclidean Steiner (1 +,O(√1))-SLTs in arbitrary 2-dimensional Euclidean spaces. The lightness bound β=O(√1) of our con-struction is optimal up to a constant. The runtime of our construction, and thus the number of Steiner points used, are bounded by O(n).

U2 - 10.20382/JOCG.V6I2A7

DO - 10.20382/JOCG.V6I2A7

M3 - ???researchoutput.researchoutputtypes.contributiontojournal.article???

SN - 1920-180X

VL - 6

SP - 113

EP - 139

JO - Journal of Computational Geometry

JF - Journal of Computational Geometry

IS - 2

ER -