Ethnicity and Labor Market Incorporation of Post-1990 Immigrants in Israel

Moshe Semyonov*, Rebeca Raijman, Dina Maskileyson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Using data from “The Immigrants Survey” we compare economic incorporation of four ethnic groups of immigrants who arrived to Israel between 1990 and 2007: Ethiopia, Western Europe and the Americas, Asia and North Africa, and the Former Soviet Union. Labor market incorporation is evaluated in terms of labor force participation, occupational attainment and earnings. The analysis reveals that regardless of ethnicity, when compared to native-born, immigrant women face greater disadvantages in the labor market than immigrant men. Further analysis reveals that immigrants from the Former Soviet Union are more likely to become economically active than the other groups; immigrants from Europe and the Americas have better access to high status occupations than do either immigrant Former Soviet Union or Asia and Africa and Ethiopia. Ethiopian immigrants are the most disadvantaged group in attainment of high status lucrative occupations and earnings. The findings point toward an ethnic hierarchy among post-1990 immigrants in Israel with European-Americans at the top, followed by Soviet immigrants, followed by immigrants from Asia–Africa and ending with Ethiopian immigrants at the bottom. The meaning of these findings for possibility of emergence of a more diversified and elaborated system of ethnic stratification is discussed in light of Israel’s immigration policy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
Pages (from-to)331-359
Number of pages29
JournalPopulation Research and Policy Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - 22 Jun 2015


  • Ethnicity
  • Immigration
  • Inequality
  • Israel
  • Labor market


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