ETHNIC LABOR MARKETS, GENDER, AND SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITY: A Study of Arabs in the Israeli Labor Force

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Abstract

The research examines the way in which the economic structure of the Arab labor market in Israel, coupled with gender‐linked occupational segregation affects gender differences in socioeconomic attainment. The analysis is based on the 1983 Israeli Census of Population. The concept of ethnic labor market is discussed in a comparative perspective, shifting the focus to public sector employment which is central to the Arab labor market in Israel. The analyses led to a twofold conclusion: first, the Arab labor market in Israel operates as a protected labor market, and second, it interacts with gender in the determination of socioeconomic outcomes. In the absence of competition minority workers are able to achieve in the ethnic labor market high status occupational positions that are typically denied them in the wider society. The occupational advantages are especially pronounced among Arab women. For men, employment in the ethnic labor market increases occupational status but provides lower earnings than employment outside.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-68
Number of pages18
JournalSociological Quarterly
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1994

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