Ethical lessons learned and to be learned from mass casualty events by terrorism

Rael D. Strous, Azgad Gold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose of reviewThe world has seen a major upturn in international terror awareness. Medicine has had to respond. In addition to the unique physical and mental injuries caused by terror which require special clinical attention, so too terror represents a challenge for medicine from an ethics perspective.Recent findingsSeveral responses in the literature over the past few years have attempted to reflect where the battlefront of ethical dilemmas falls. These include issues of resource allocation, triage, bioterror, the therapeutic relationship with terrorists, dual loyalty, and challenges in the role in the promotion of virtuous behavior as a physician under difficult conditions.SummaryAlthough many challenges exist, physicians need to be prepared for ethical response to terror. With their associated unique status, providing legitimacy and specialized ability in the management and approach to terror situations, physicians are held to a higher standard and need to rise to the occasion. This is required in order to promote ethical behavior under trying conditions and ethical sensitivity of the medical profession by means of being attuned to the reality around.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-178
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • medical ethics
  • resource allocation
  • terror
  • triage


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