Undetected near-surface and subsurface velocity variations greater than an effective spread length produce false structures both in time and depth. The estimation of these variations rely on uphole measurements, high density shallow reflection data and sufficiently long offsets for subsurface reflectors. Despite inadequate near-surface velocity-depth measurements in the study area, we developed a strategy for the detection and estimation of both near-surface and subsurface long-wavelength velocity and low-relief structural variations. We chose two 2D seismic lines (dip and strike) over two existing low-relief fields in central Saudi Arabia, to demonstrate how the velocity-depth ambiguity problem is partially overcome by integrating the refraction delay time solutions derived from multiple refractors below the seismic reference datum with iterative pre-stack depth migration, residual analysis, and reflection tomography. We compare these results with the conventional isopach depthing method and discuss how this strategy improves the structural integrity of potential prospects. Even with the verification of the near-surface velocity and structural anomalies along the dip line and buried velocity anomaly along the strike line through forward modeling and flatness of depth image gathers, these models are non-unique. Based upon this case study, a new constrained tomographic algorithm has been developed which overcomes the above ambiguity and is discussed in Part II.
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - 1997|
|Event||1997 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1997 - Dallas, United States|
Duration: 2 Nov 1997 → 7 Nov 1997
|Conference||1997 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1997|
|Period||2/11/97 → 7/11/97|