Estimating the burden of fungal diseases in Israel

Ronen Ben-Ami, David W. Denning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fungal diseases affect a large proportion of the population, ranging in severity from mild superficial infections to lifethreatening invasive diseases. Estimates of disease burden are needed to inform public health policies. We estimated the incidence of fungal diseases in Israel based on published surveillance data and risk-based calculations using previously established models. Deaths associated with fungal diseases were estimated from local surveillance data (candidemia) and published reports (invasive aspergillosis). Candidemia was estimated in 649 persons/year and invasive aspergillosis in 254 persons/year; the associated mortality was 2.75 and 0.96 per 100,000 population/year, respectively. Recurrent Candida vulvovaginitis occurs in 130,440 women annually. National incidence rates of cryptococcosis, pneumocystis pneumonia and mucormycosis could not be reliably estimated. Singlecenter data-derived estimates yielded 24, 26 and 20 cases/ year, respectively. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, asthma with fungal sensitization and allergic fungal sinusitis affect 8297 (range 2323–11,615), 14,372 (14,372–17,965) and 39,922 (15,969–183,643) persons, respectively. In Israel, candidemia and invasive aspergillosis rank high among infection-related causes of mortality. Allergic fungal diseases cause chronic or recurrent symptoms in a large population and may contribute to asthma-related hospitalization and death. These general estimates should serve as a primer for future efforts to study fungal epidemiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-380
Number of pages7
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015


  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
  • Candidiasis
  • Epidemiology
  • Fungal disease
  • Invasive aspergillosis


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