Esthetic Assessment of Implants Placed into Fresh Extraction Sockets for Single-Tooth Replacements Using a Flapless Approach

Roni Kolerman*, Eitan Mijiritsky, Eitan Barnea, Areeje Dabaja, Joseph Nissan, Haim Tal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: To validate the concept of immediate implant placement and nonfunctional loading for use in the esthetically sensitive anterior maxilla, clinical trials should ideally include objective esthetic criteria. Purpose: This study analyzed procedural results as graded by the pink esthetic score and white esthetic score (PES/WES). Methods: Thirty-nine suitable patients (mean follow-up 44.82 ± 28 months) were evaluated. Results: Thirty-eight implants fulfilled stringent criteria for successful osseointegration: absence of peri-implant radiolucency, implant mobility, suppuration, and pain. The mean total PES/WES was 15.50 ± 2.67 (range: 10–20). The mean total PES of 7.92 ± 1.60 (range: 5–10) indicated favorable overall peri-implant soft-tissue conditions. Root convexity and texture (1.63 ± 0.54) and curvature of the facial mucosa (1.68 ± 0.47) and distal papilla (1.66 ± 0.48) had the highest mean values, whereas acceptable levels of facial tissue (1.53 ± 0.73) and mesial papilla (1.42 ± 0.64) were the most difficult to fully achieve. The mean mesial and distal bone loss at data collection was, was 1.19 ± 0.54 and 1.15 ± 0.51, respectively. Periodontal disease severity (advanced chronic and aggressive periodontitis) was significantly associated with a low total PES (p =.048). Conclusions: Objective PES/WES assessment validated immediate anterior maxillary single-tooth replacement and restoration as being a successful and esthetically predictable treatment modality in sites where the buccal bone had been preserved during the extraction at 1 year of follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-364
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • flapless implant surgery
  • immediate placement
  • radiographic data
  • single-tooth implants


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