Essential role for the phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate synthesis complex in caspofungin tolerance and virulence in Candida glabrata

Deepak Kumar Choudhary, Priyanka Bhakt, Rupinder Kaur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Increasing resistance of the human opportunistic fungal pathogen Candida glabrata toward the echinocandin antifungals, which target the cell wall, is a matter of grave clinical concern. Echinocandin resistance in C. glabrata has primarily been associated with mutations in the -glucan synthase-encoding genes C. glabrata FKS1 (CgFKS1) and CgFKS2. This notwithstanding, the role of the phosphoinositide signaling in antifungal resistance is just beginning to be deciphered. The phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate [PI(3,5)P2] is a low-abundance lipid molecule that is pivotal to the intracellular membrane traffic. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that the PI(3,5)P2 kinase CgFab1, along with its activity regulator CgVac7 and the scaffolding protein CgVac14, is required for maintenance of the cell wall chitin content, survival of the cell wall, and caspofungin stress. Further, deletion analyses implicated the PI(3,5)P2 phosphatase CgFig4 in the regulation of PI(3,5)P2 levels and azole and echinocandin tolerance through CgVac14. We also show the localization of the CgFab1 lipid kinase to the vacuole to be independent of the CgVac7, CgVac14, and CgFig4 proteins. Lastly, our data demonstrate an essential requirement for PI(3,5)P2 signaling components, CgFab1, CgVac7, and CgVac14, in the intracellular survival and virulence in C. glabrata. Altogether, our data have yielded key insights into the functions and metabolism of PI(3,5)P2 lipid in the pathogenic yeast C. glabrata. In addition, our data highlight that CgVac7, whose homologs are absent in higher eukaryotes, may represent a promising target for antifungal therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00886-19
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume63
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 5-bisphosphate signaling
  • Biofilm formation
  • Cell wall chitin
  • Intracellular survival
  • Metal ion tolerance
  • PI(3,5)P2 phosphatase Fig4
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3
  • Vacuole morphology

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