Esophageal cancer in Israel has unique clinico- pathological features: A retrospective study

Michal Sarfaty, Esty Lankry, Assaf Moore, Noga Kurman, Ofer Purim, Yulia Kundel, Irit Ben-Aharon, Gali Perl, Olga Ulitsky, Noa Gordon, Aaron Sulkes, Nikolai Menasherov, Hanoch Kashtan, Baruch Brenner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Data regarding esophageal cancer (EC) in Israel are limited. The aim of this study was hence to characterize this entity in the Israeli population and to compare it to the literature. Patients/Methods: This is a retrospective study of all consecutive EC patients treated at our institution between 1997-2013. Data were retrieved from patients' medical files. Results: Two hundred patients were included. The median age at diagnosis was 70.5 years; 63.5% were males; 63% were Ashkenazi Jews, 29% were Sephardic Jews, and 0.5% were Arabs. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was predominant: 52% versus 45.5% with adenocarcinoma (ADC). SCC was common even in the distal esophagus (45%). The overall 5-year survival rate was 25.5%. A temporal trend (2006-2013 vs 1997-2005) shows a decline in the proportion of SCC (47% vs 63%, p=0.061) and a rise in ADC (50% vs 33%, p=0.041), with a parallel decrease in patients' age (median: 68.5 vs 73 years, p=0.014). In the later period, patients received more treatment for localized and metastatic disease, with a trend for improved median survival (20.1 vs 14.9 months, p=0.658). Ashkenazi Jews were diagnosed at an older age than Sephardic Jews (median: 73 vs. 65 years, p=0.001), had a higher rate of family history of GI cancer (34% vs. 17%, p=0.026) and a higher rate of cardiovascular co-morbidity (41% vs. 24%, p=0.041). Conclusion: EC in Israel represents an intermediate entity between the Western and the endemic subtypes, showing some unique features. These included delayed reversal of the SCC/ADC ratio, commonness of SCC in the distal esophagus, prevalence of other malignancies and predominance of Ashkenazi ethnicity. The reason for these findings is unclear and its further evaluation is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2417-2423
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cancer
Volume8
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Epidemiology
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Israel
  • Squamous

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