In recent years, it has been established that the adverse effects of nonlinear interference noise (NLIN) can be mitigated using adaptive equalization methods. As such, a wide variety of adaptive equalization methods have been used to treat nonlinearity, in different transmission scenarios. This paper reviews the principles of out-of-band nonlinearity mitigation using adaptive equalization. Statistical properties of NLIN that can be exploited for mitigation are discussed, as well as the cost and benefit of various types of equalizers. In particular we describe the equivalence between the NLIN and time-dependent inter-symbol-interference (ISI) and discuss ways in which the ISI coefficients can be characterized theoretically and experimentally. We further discuss the effectiveness of existing ISI mitigation algorithms, and explain the need for designing customized algorithms that take advantage of the various correlation properties characterizing the ISI coefficients. This paper is intended to be a practical reference for researchers who want to apply equalization algorithms or design new methods for nonlinearity mitigation.
- Nonlinear Interference
- Nonlinearity mitigation
- Optical fiber communication
- Time varying inter symbol interference