Epididymitis in childhood: A clinical retrospective study over 5 years

Baruch Klin, Lev Zlotkevich, Tifha Horne, Yigal Efrati, Francis Serour, Gad Lotan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Acute scrotal pain in children presents a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Epididymitis has been considered uncommon in childhood. The clinical spectrum and therapeutic policy of the acute scrotum in children is continually being reassessed. Objectives: To determine whether there has been an increased in the incidence of epididymitis in children and to advocate a more selective surgical approach to the acute scrotum. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 65 children admitted to our department of pediatric surgery with the diagnosis of acute scrotum during a 5 year period. Results: Of the 65 children admitted with the diagnosis of acute scrotum, epididymitis was diagnosed in 42 (64.6%). The remaining cases included torsion of the testis in 12 patients (18.5%), torsion of the appendix testis in 5 (7.7%), scrotal pain and minimal physical findings in 4 (6.1%), and scrotal hematoma and idiopathic scrotal edema in one patient each. Doppler ultrasound of the groin, color Doppler ultrasound of the testis and testicular nuclide scintigraphy (Tc-99m scan) examinations were performed on 49, 30 and 57 occasions, respectively; the Tc-99m scan was the most effective tool. All the patients with epididymitis were diagnosed before surgical intervention and we treated conservatively. Coclusions: We observed an increasing frequency of epididymitis in children admitted with the diagnosis of acute scrotum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-835
Number of pages3
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume3
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute scrotum
  • Conservative management
  • Doppler ultrasound
  • Epididymitis
  • Technetium 99m scan

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