Epidemiology, longitudinal treatment patterns and outcomes of chronic lymphocytic leukemia in Israel

Clara Weil*, Gabriel Chodick, Varda Shalev, Inna Kan, Ran Afik, Raanan Cohen, Kavita Sail, Yair Herishanu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study aims to describe chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) epidemiology, treatment patterns and outcomes in a 2.3-million-member healthcare provider database (Maccabi Healthcare Services, Israel). Newly-diagnosed CLL patients (1999–2017) were followed through 31/3/2018. A total of 1857 newly-diagnosed CLL patients were included. Annual incidence was 5.82 per 100,000 population. Median overall survival (OS) was 12.7 (95%CI: 11.8–13.5) years since diagnosis. Approximately 1/3 initiated treatment within 5 y. A statistical trend (p = 0.066) for improved OS over time was observed among younger patients (age <70 y) treated in 2009–2017 vs. 1999–2008). Among patients treated since 2009 (n = 411; median age = 68y), fludarabine–cyclophosphamide–rituximab (FCR), bendamustine–rituximab and obinutuzumab ± chlorambucil accounted for 19.5%, 12.2% and 11.4% of first line, respectively. Median (95%CI) time to next treatment and OS were 3.1(2.6–3.6) and 7.0(6.3–7.7) years, respectively. CLL incidence in Israel is comparable to developed countries. Real-world data suggest a trend of improved survival over the last decade among patients treated before age 70.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1136-1145
Number of pages10
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2021


  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • chemotherapy
  • immunotherapy
  • incidence
  • survival
  • time to next treatment


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