Epidemiological and clinical features of leptospirosis in Israel

J. Bishara, E. Amitay, A. Barnea, S. Yitzhaki, S. Pitlik

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The epidemiology and clinical features of 46 cases of human leptospirosis diagnosed in Israel between 1986 and 1999 were analysed. The median patient age was 37.5 years (range, 16-85 years), and the male/female ratio was 43/3. The most common serogroup found was Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae. The disease was associated with jaundice in 71% of cases, acute renal failure in 62%, rhabdomyolysis in 52%, pancytopenia in 28%, respiratory failure in 14% and disseminated intravascular coagulation in 5%. Leptospirosis occurs sporadically throughout the year, peaking during the summer months. A shift occurred from predominantly agriculture-related serogroups in the 1970s to urban-related serogroups during the study period reported, with Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae being the dominant serogroup.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-52
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002


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