Epidemiologic Characteristics of Participants and Nonparticipants in Health-Promotion Programs

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Abstract

There is potential for nonparticipation in health-promotion programs to impact on the overall success of these programs. The evidence on the relationship of participation to demographic and health characteristics is conflicting. The study presented here prospectively examined the relationship of personnel data and self-reported smoking, exercise, and dietary behavior to participation in the initial phase of a new health-promotion program. Compared with the total population, participants tended to be older and more educated, to be foreign-born and of Eastern ethnic origin, and to have more children. The participant population also tended to include more women, married individuals, and noncommissioned officers. A low smoking prevalence (17% of the participants), a high mean exercise rate (four times per week), and low weekly mean egg consumption (2.7) were observed among the program participants. These results indicate that this program preferentially enrolled people who already were committed to healthy lifestyles, and did not reach all segments of the work force equally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-538
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1996

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