Environmental policy expansion in the EU: the intriguing case of bioinvasion regulation

Ronit Justo-Hanani*, Tamar Dayan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


While bioinvasion was an issue of low political salience in Europe, a new regulation addressing it was adopted in 2014 with strong support. This article analyzes the making of the regulation as an intriguing case of policy expansion amid economic crisis. Based on theoretical literature on drivers of EU policy integration and policy dismantling, alternative plausible explanations are explored. Our main finding is that development of economic policy consensus among member states on trade-environment nexus was crucial for progress towards regulatory action. Policy consensus has been driven by a confluence of three domestic factors: trade liberalization, market disintegration, and changing ideas about the desirability of EU-level law, with the European Commission as policy entrepreneur. Low political salience has also had an important effect. It has increased the influence of transnational conservation alliances, which have played a significant catalytic role in building consensus by shifting consciousness to economic reward of policy action vs inaction, and bringing international models for legislative reform to the EU jurisdiction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-327
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Environmental Policy and Planning
Issue number3
StatePublished - 3 May 2020


FundersFunder number
Department of Public Policy
Steinhardt Museum for Natural History
University of California Berkeley
Tel Aviv University


    • Environmental policy expansion
    • European Union
    • bioinvasion regulation
    • policy dismantling

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