Environmental benefits from mode substitution: Comparison of the environmental impact from aircraft and high-speed train operations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many studies consider substitution of aircraft services with high-speed train (HST) services on short-haul routes desirable for environmental reasons. This paper empirically examined this perception by evaluating local air pollution (LAP) and climate change impacts from a flight and an HST service between London and Paris. Comparing the emissions, the impact, and the cost of damage from the aircraft journey with the HST journey, it was found that substituting an aircraft seat with an HST seat is beneficial. These benefits are likely to occur on all routes on which aircraft and HST substitution is likely to take place. Despite the many limitations in the evaluation of environmental impact, the analysis suggests that such an evaluation is valuable and provides important information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-230
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Transportation
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Air transport
  • Climate control
  • Evaluation of environmental impact
  • High-speed train
  • Local air pollution
  • Mode substitution

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