## Abstract

We prove a correspondence theorem for singular tropical surfaces in 3, which recovers singular algebraic surfaces in an appropriate toric three-fold that tropicalize to a given singular tropical surface. Furthermore, we develop a three-dimensional version of Mikhalkin's lattice path algorithm that enumerates singular tropical surfaces passing through an appropriate configuration of points in 3. As application we show that there are pencils of real surfaces of degree d in 3 containing at least (3/2)d3 + O(d2) singular surfaces, which is asymptotically comparable to the number 4(d - 1)3 of all complex singular surfaces in the pencil. Our result relies on the classification of singular tropical surfaces [12].

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 69-100 |

Number of pages | 32 |

Journal | Advances in Geometry |

Volume | 18 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Jan 2018 |

## Keywords

- Tropical geometry
- discriminants
- real singular surfaces
- tropical singular surface