TY - JOUR

T1 - Enthalpy‐entropy relationship in drug‐cholinoceptor interaction

T2 - a new approach

AU - Cohen, Sasson

AU - Haberman, Frank

PY - 1985/8

Y1 - 1985/8

N2 - The partial molal volume at infinite dilution, , was determined in toluene, benzene and acetonitrile for fifteen different drug molecules comprising muscarinic agonists, partial agonists and antagonists. The difference in between a given drug, X, and hyoscine, expressed as was then multiplied by the internal pressure of the holding phase (P1 ∼ cohesive energy density) in order to obtain an estimate of the excess enthalpy (ΔH) over hyoscine in the interaction of drug molecule X with a common cholinoceptor. As a working hypothesis, ΔH for hyoscine is taken as zero, hyoscine having the lowest /affinity ratio of any drug in the series investigated. The corresponding change in entropy (ΔS) was then calculated from the relationship: RT ln Kx= Pi, where Kx is the affinity constant of drug molecule X to the common cholinoceptor, obtained independently. Linear regression of P1 ⋍ ΔH from the data in acetonitrile over ΔS gave a satisfactory isoequilibrium plot, r2 = 0.954, slope (β) = 231°K. The present approach offers a new course for the study of the enthalpy‐entropy relationship in the interaction of drug molecules in a given series with a common receptor. It could provide an alternative to the Van't Hoff procedure for the estimation of relative ΔH, and is independent of the free energy of binding (ΔG). 1985 British Pharmacological Society

AB - The partial molal volume at infinite dilution, , was determined in toluene, benzene and acetonitrile for fifteen different drug molecules comprising muscarinic agonists, partial agonists and antagonists. The difference in between a given drug, X, and hyoscine, expressed as was then multiplied by the internal pressure of the holding phase (P1 ∼ cohesive energy density) in order to obtain an estimate of the excess enthalpy (ΔH) over hyoscine in the interaction of drug molecule X with a common cholinoceptor. As a working hypothesis, ΔH for hyoscine is taken as zero, hyoscine having the lowest /affinity ratio of any drug in the series investigated. The corresponding change in entropy (ΔS) was then calculated from the relationship: RT ln Kx= Pi, where Kx is the affinity constant of drug molecule X to the common cholinoceptor, obtained independently. Linear regression of P1 ⋍ ΔH from the data in acetonitrile over ΔS gave a satisfactory isoequilibrium plot, r2 = 0.954, slope (β) = 231°K. The present approach offers a new course for the study of the enthalpy‐entropy relationship in the interaction of drug molecules in a given series with a common receptor. It could provide an alternative to the Van't Hoff procedure for the estimation of relative ΔH, and is independent of the free energy of binding (ΔG). 1985 British Pharmacological Society

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021857766&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1985.tb11088.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1985.tb11088.x

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AN - SCOPUS:0021857766

SN - 0007-1188

VL - 85

SP - 889

EP - 896

JO - British Journal of Pharmacology

JF - British Journal of Pharmacology

IS - 4

ER -