Eighteen children and young adults with neurogenic bladder underwent enterocystoplasty as part of urinary undiversion or for treatment of incontinence associated with reduced bladder compliance or detrusor sphincter dyssynergia. In 12, tubular sigmoid enterocystoplasty with transureteroureterostomy was performed with the smaller diameter ureter implanted into the bowel tenia. In two patients the ileocecal segment was used to augment the bladder, and the ureters were anastomosed to the ileum. In four patients the cecum or a patch of sigmoid colon was used to augment the bladder. Young-Dees bladder neck reconstruction was performed on eight patients at the time of surgery; one later required bladder neck reconstruction, and two later required an artificial sphincter. After a mean follow-up of 20 months, 16 of the 17 available for follow-up are continent with clean intermittent catheterization every 3 to 4 hours. Nine patients require anticholinergic or smooth muscle relaxing medication to increase functional bladder capacity. Most of the patients need chronic antimicrobial treatment to control bacteriuria.