Morphine is known to produce mydriasis in mice. We have found that enkephalins caused a similar effect. Morphine was twice as active as D-Ala-D-Leu-enkephalin (BW-180C), 5 times as active as Met-enkephalin and 7 times as active as Leu-enkephalin. The time course of the effect was shortest for the enkephalins (t1/2 = 8–12 min), intermediate for BW-180C (60 min) and longest for morphine (80 min). Naloxone antagonised the effect of all agents to a similar extent. The question whether enkephalins are involved in the physiological regulation of pupillary diameter was investigated by administering either naloxone or D-phenylalanine to mice. None of these agents changed pupillary size, thus making such an involvement unlikely.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||European Journal of Pharmacology|
|State||Published - 1980|
- Opiate receptors