Free-electron lasers are used to generate laser radiation using an accelerated electron beam. In this paper, an electrostatic accelerator was used with a thermionic cathode. Lasing pulses of the order of tens of microseconds were generated by passing the current pulses through a wiggler and resonator combination. The change in lasing power as a result of postsaturation variation of the energy of the electron beam during the lasing period is presented in this paper in the form of experimental measurements and simulations. In the experiments, the initial electron beam energy was 1.4 MeV and the current was 1.13 A, whilst the lasing frequency was always close to 102 GHz. It is shown that postsaturation, positively ramping the beam energy increases the radiation extraction efficiency by around 50%. Whilst a falling beam energy results in a reduction in extraction efficiency.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
|Published - Nov 2017
- Energy extraction
- free-electron laser (FEL) oscillator
- radiation power optimization