Enhancement of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator thrombolysis with a selective factor Xa inhibitor derived from the leech Hirudo medicinalis: Comparison with heparin and hirudin in a rabbit thrombosis model

Ran Kornowski, Amiram Eldor, Moshe M. Werber, Nathan Ezov, Ety Zwang, Abraham Nimrod, Airine Chernine, Ariel Finkelstein, Amos Panet, Shlomo Laniado, Gad Keren

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To compare the efficacy of Yagin®, a factor Xa inhibitor derived from the leech Hirudo medicinalis, with those of heparin and hirudin as adjuncts to recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rTPA) thrombolysis in a rabbit thrombosis model. Methods: Thirty-one animals were allocated randomly to three groups, all administered four boluses of 0.25 mg/kg rTPA every 10 min for 30 min, 17 mg/kg aspirin intravenously, and heparin (as a 100 IU/kg bolus followed by infusion of 50 IU/kg heparin per h), hirudin (as a 2 mg/kg bolus followed by infusion of 1 mg/kg hirudin per h), or Yagin (as an 80 μg/kg bolus followed by infusion of 43 μg/kg Yagin per h). Results: Administration of Yagin was associated with a significant acceleration of the reflow time, this time being 14.5 ± 1.2 min with Yagin, 25.8 ± 5.2 min with heparin (P < 0.0001, versus Yagin), and 28.7 ± 16.0 min with hirudin (P = 0.01 2, versus Yagin). Overall patency did not differ significantly among the three groups. Conclusions: At the indicated single doses, inhibition of factor Xa by a relatively low concentration of Yagin was found to be superior than that with either heparin or hirudin for accelerating rTPA thrombolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)903-909
Number of pages7
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Factor Xa
  • Thrombolysis
  • Thrombosis
  • Tissue-type plasminogen activator

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