Enhanced protection of myocardial function by systemic deep hypothermia during cardioplegic arrest in multiple coronary bypass grafting

D. A. Goor, R. Mohr, J. Lavee

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effectiveness of deep systemic hypothermia (20° C) in myocardial protection during aortic cross-clamping was evaluated. Seventy-one consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were divided into two groups. In Group A (32 patients) systemic temperature was reduced to an average of 26.8°C (range 24° to 28°C) and the amount of cardioplegic solution infused totalled 1,000 to 1,200 cc. In Group B (39 patients) systemic temperature was reduced to an average of 20.8°C (17° to 23°C) and the total amount of cardioplegic solution infused was 100 to 300 cc. The mean number of coronary (distal) anastomoses per patient was 4.46 in Group A and 4.51 in Group B. There were no surgical deaths, perioperative infarcts, or neurologic damage in either group. Postoperative catecholamine dependence was used as an indicator for inadequate myocardial protection. Catecholamine support was required by 18 patients (56.25%) in Group A and two patients (5.13%) in Group B (p < 0.0001). Patients of both groups who received five or six coronary anastomoses, whose aortic cross-clamp time was 60 minutes or more, and whose preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction were above 50% were compared: Ten of the 11 (91%) in Group A required catecholamine support as opposed to none of the 12 in Group B (p < 0.0001). No significant difference in the incidence of catecholamine requirement was found between patients of both groups whose aortic cross-clamp time was less than 60 minutes (2/13 patients in Group A and 2/21 patients in Group B), regardless of their preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction. We conclude that when aortic cross-clamp time exceeds 60 minutes, that is, when multiple distal anastomoses are performed, deep systemic hypothermia is a simple and effective method for myocardial preservation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-242
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

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