Energy analysis of robot task motions

Oded Maimon*, Eli Profeta, Sigmond Singer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An energy criterion for choosing the best type of manipulator for a specified task is developed. First, the energy required to perform the robotic task is calculated. Then the lower bound of the mechanical energy consumed by the various kinds of manipulators during their motion, while performing a task, is calculated. Thus, the efficiency of a manipulator for the task is determined. Some examples show that the proper selection of the manipulator configuration can reduce the required energy to a quarter of that of a less suitable one. Once the most suitable manipulator is chosen, the criterion for its most energy efficient motion is developed. The model takes into account the kinematic configuration of the robot, gravitational and other external and internal forces acting on the robot during its operation, and the electric motor driving the robot links. Energy optimization of different paths of motion in joint coordinates is discussed briefly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-198
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems: Theory and Applications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1991


  • Energy criterion
  • manipulators
  • robotic task


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