Endowment Effect in negotiations: Group versus individual decision-making

Amira Galin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study's two aims are: (a) to investigate whether groups, as compared to individuals, show a different degree of Endowment Effect (EE) during the negotiating of intangible assets, such as leisure time and (b) to gain some insight into the underlying mechanism behind groups' decision-making processes. A total of 138 graduate students were randomly assigned to 35 groups of 3 members each; and 33 were randomly labeled as "individuals." The study simulated two scenarios in which the students, both individuals and groups, had to decide what their demands from the university authorities were - once as "sellers" and another time as "buyers" in regard to their own leisure time. The findings indicate the presence of an Endowment Effect (EE) in both individuals and groups. However, groups significantly amplified the Endowment Effect in comparison to individuals. The mechanism which best explains why groups tend to amplify negotiating decisions was found to be the "Majority Rule," but the "leader" also influences such amplification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-401
Number of pages13
JournalTheory and Decision
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2013


  • Endowment Effect
  • Groups
  • Majority Rule
  • Negotiations
  • Polarization


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