We previously demonstrated increased glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion during acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in non-diabetic (ND) patients. Whether the endogenous GLP-1 system response is different in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) during STEMI is unknown. Patients with STEMI (20 ND, 13 T2D) and 3 control groups (non-STEMI [14 ND, 13 T2D], stable angina pectoris [SAP] [8 ND, 10 T2D] patients and healthy subjects) (n = 25) were studied. Plasma levels of total and active GLP-1 and soluble dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (sDPP4) were estimated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay on admission and at 24 and 48 hours after percutaneous coronary intervention in all patients. Sharply elevated levels of total and active GLP-1 were found in ND STEMI patients at 24 h (P < 0.05 and P < 0.005, respectively), but not in T2D STEMI patients. All patients demonstrated decreased sDPP4 levels compared with healthy controls (P < 0.0005) accompanied by increased active/total GLP-1 ratio regardless of their ischemic state. These data demonstrate that T2D patients fail to further upregulate their endogenous GLP-1 system during STEMI. This may underlie their worse cardiovascular outcome.
- ST-elevation myocardial infarction
- endogenous GLP-1 system
- soluble DPP4
- type 2 diabetes