Endobronchial mass caused by tuberculosis

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A 2-year-old girl who presented with cough, had been started on prednisone and bronchodilators 10 days prior to admission because of presumed hyperactive, small airway obstruction. Fluoroscopy revealed hyperinflation of the right lung and mediastinal shift to the left on expiration. Bronchoscopy disclosed an endobronchial mass. At that time the tuberculin test was negative. Since such lesions are rare in young children, thoracotomy was performed. An enlarged mediastinal lymph node was removed and the histopathological findings were suggestive of tuberculosis. The tuberculin test 1 month following prednisone therapy was positive, suggesting that previously the skin reaction to tuberculin had been altered by the prednisone. Tuberculosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of an endobronchial mass even in an otherwise apparently healthy child.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-254, 303
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Mar 1994
Externally publishedYes


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