Encapsulation and capsular types in isolates of Staphylococcus aureus from different sources and relationship to phage types

D. Sompolinsky, Z. Samra, W. W. Karakawa, W. F. Vann, R. Schneerson, Z. Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The relationship of capsular types of Staphylococcus aureus to type of infection, carrier state, and phage type was studied in a collection of 477 isolates from 380 infection sites. Capsular polysaccharides were demonstrated by precipitation and agglutination with 11 monospecific antisera. When only one isolate from each infection was considered, 63% were of type 8 and 16% were of type 5. Of all the isolates tested, over 90% were encapsulated. We did not demonstrate any marked difference in the distribution of capsular types between isolates from the blood stream or purulent processes and isolates from healthy carriers or food. Most isolates from bovine mastitis milk had nontypeable capsules. The capsular type seemed stable in culture, and encapsulation had no apparent influence on susceptibility to phages. Of 27 phage-propagating strains maintained via culture transfer on artificial media over many years, 16 (59%) produced capsules. A striking association between certain phage patterns and capsular types was demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)828-834
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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