Enamel matrix derivative stimulates human gingival fibroblast proliferation via ERK

E. Zeldich, R. Koren, C. Nemcovsky, M. Weinreb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Emdogain®, a formulation of Enamel Matrix Proteins, is used clinically for periodontal regeneration to stimulate PDL (periodontal ligament), cementum, and bone formation. Its effects on gingival fibroblasts and tissue have not been thoroughly studied. Therefore, we investigated the mechanisms by which Emdogain affects the cell cycle of human gingival fibroblasts. Without serum, Emdogain (50 μg/mL) induced human gingival fibroblast entry into the S phase and DNA synthesis, but not completion of the cell cycle. With low serum concentrations (0.2-0.5%), Emdogain synergistically induced completion of the cell cycle, resulting in increased cell numbers. The mitogenic response to Emdogain depended on Extracellular Regulated Kinase (ERK) activation, which occurred in two waves, peaking after 15 min and 4 to 6 hrs, since it was abolished by U0126, a specific MAPK inhibitor. Inhibition of the second wave was sufficient to abrogate mitogenesis. This study characterized the mitogenic effect of Emdogain on primary human gingival fibroblasts, its cooperation with serum growth factors, and the key mediatory role of the ERK cascade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007


  • Cell cycle
  • ERK
  • Enamel proteins
  • Gingival fibroblasts
  • In vitro


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