Abstract

Background: Continued expansion of indications for sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors increases importance of evaluating cardiovascular and kidney efficacy and safety of empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes compared to similar therapies. Methods: The EMPRISE Europe and Asia study is a non-interventional cohort study using data from 2014–2019 in seven European (Denmark, Finland, Germany, Norway, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom) and four Asian (Israel, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan) countries. Patients with type 2 diabetes initiating empagliflozin were 1:1 propensity score matched to patients initiating dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. Primary endpoints included hospitalization for heart failure, all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction and stroke. Other cardiovascular, renal, and safety outcomes were examined. Findings: Among 83,946 matched patient pairs, (0·7 years overall mean follow-up time), initiation of empagliflozin was associated with lower risk of hospitalization for heart failure compared to dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (Hazard Ratio 0·70; 95% CI 0.60 to 0.83). Risks of all-cause mortality (0·55; 0·48 to 0·63), stroke (0·82; 0·71 to 0·96), and end-stage renal disease (0·43; 0·30 to 0·63) were lower and risk for myocardial infarction, bone fracture, severe hypoglycemia, and lower-limb amputation were similar between initiators of empagliflozin and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. Initiation of empagliflozin was associated with higher risk for diabetic ketoacidosis (1·97; 1·28 to 3·03) compared to dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. Results were consistent across continents and regions. Interpretation: Results from this EMPRISE Europe and Asia study complements previous clinical trials and real-world studies by providing further evidence of the beneficial cardiorenal effects and overall safety of empagliflozin compared to dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101418
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
Lilly Diabetes Alliance
Boehringer Ingelheim
National Institute for Health and Care Research
NIHR Imperial Biomedical Research Centre
NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre

    Keywords

    • All-cause mortality
    • Cardiovascular diseases
    • Comparative effectiveness
    • Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors
    • Empagliflozin
    • Heart failure
    • Meta-analysis
    • Observational study
    • Pharmacoepidemiology
    • Sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitors

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