Emotional context influences access of visual stimuli to anxious individuals' awareness

Lital Ruderman*, Dominique Lamy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Anxiety has been associated with enhanced unconscious processing of threat and attentional biases towards threat. Here, we focused on the phenomenology of perception in anxiety and examined whether threat-related material more readily enters anxious than non-anxious individuals' awareness. In six experiments, we compared the stimulus exposures required for each anxiety group to become objectively or subjectively aware of masked facial stimuli varying in emotional expression. Crucially, target emotion was task irrelevant. We found that high trait-anxiety individuals required less sensory evidence (shorter stimulus exposure times) to become aware of the face targets. This anxiety-based difference was observed for fearful faces in all experiments, but with non-threat faces, it emerged only when these were presented among threatening faces. Our findings suggest a prominent role for affective context in high-anxiety individuals' conscious perception of visual stimuli. Possible mechanisms underlying the influence of context in lowering awareness thresholds in anxious individuals are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-914
Number of pages15
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2012


FundersFunder number
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation2009425


    • Anxiety
    • Awareness
    • Consciousness
    • Emotional context
    • Facial expressions
    • Objective measures
    • Subjective measures
    • Threat
    • Visual masking


    Dive into the research topics of 'Emotional context influences access of visual stimuli to anxious individuals' awareness'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this