Embedded solitons: A new type of solitary wave

J. Yang, B. A. Malomed, D. J. Kaup, A. R. Champneys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We describe a novel class of solitary waves in second-harmonic-generation models with competing quadratic and cubic nonlinearities. These solitary waves exist at a discrete set of values of the propagation constants, being embedded inside the continuous spectrum of the linear system ("embedded solitons", ES). They are found numerically and, in a reduced model, in an exact analytical form too. We prove analytically and verify by direct simulations that the fundamental (single-humped) ESs are linearly stable, but are subject to a weak nonlinear one-sided instability. In some cases, the nonlinear instability is so weak that ES is a virtually stable object. Multi-humped embedded solitons are found too, all being linearly (strongly) unstable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-600
Number of pages16
JournalMathematics and Computers in Simulation
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2001


  • Bragg gratings
  • Embedded soliton
  • Multi-humped


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