Elite formation under occupation: The internal stratification of Palestinian elites in the West Bank and Gaza Strip

André Elias Mazawi, Abraham Yogev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper examines the internal stratification of Palestinian elites in the West Bank and Gaza Strip under Israeli occupation. Our general aim is to clarify the extent to which social and political subordination to outside rule influences the development of indigenous elites in stateless societies. In contrast to nation-state societies, such elites may be horizontally stratified into a wider range of institutional settings, and vertically stratified by anti-occupation activism alongside the attainment of occupational prestige. In addition, context-specific determinants of their stratification patterns, such as refugee status, regionality, and country in which educational credentials were acquired, should be considered. A secondary content analysis of interviews conducted by the Palestinian Panorama centre with 249 elite members reveals, that the vertical stratification of Palestinian elites along occupational attainment and anti-occupation activism constitutes two quite independent status dimensions. A multinomial logit regression shows that, horizontally, elite groups are embedded in four distinct types of institutional activity, further demonstrating the multi-faceted formation of Palestinian elites. Contextual resources, such as refugee versus non-refugee status, regionality, and the acquiring of Western credentials, have differential effects on the vertical and horizontal stratification of Palestinian elites. The implications of these findings for further research on elite formation in the post-Oslo Palestinian society and in other stateless societies are discussed in conclusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-418
Number of pages22
JournalBritish Journal of Sociology
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Elite
  • Israel
  • Palestinian
  • Refugee
  • Resistance
  • Stratification

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