Humans cannot synthesize N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) but dietary Neu5Gc can be absorbed and deposited on endothelial cells (ECs) and diet-induced anti-Neu5Gc antibodies (Abs) develop early in human life. While the interaction of Neu5Gc and diet-induced anti-Neu5Gc Abs occurs in all normal individuals, endothelium activation by elicited anti-Neu5Gc Abs following a challenge with animal-derived materials, such as following xenotransplantation, had been postulated. Ten primary human EC preparations were cultured with affinity-purified anti-Neu5Gc Abs from human sera obtained before or after exposure to Neu5Gc-glycosylated rabbit IgGs (elicited Abs). RNAs of each EC preparation stimulated in various conditions by purified Abs were exhaustively sequenced. EC transcriptomic patterns induced by elicited anti-Neu5Gc Abs, compared with pre-existing ones, were analyzed. qPCR, cytokines/chemokines release, and apoptosis were tested on some EC preparations. The data showed that anti-Neu5Gc Abs induced 967 differentially expressed (DE) genes. Most DE genes are shared following EC activation by pre-existing or anti-human T-cell globulin (ATG)-elicited anti-Neu5Gc Abs. Compared with pre-existing anti-Neu5Gc Abs, which are normal component of ECs environment, elicited anti-Neu5Gc Abs down-regulated 66 genes, including master genes of EC function. Furthermore, elicited anti-Neu5Gc Abs combined with complement-containing serum down-regulated most transcripts mobilized by serum alone. Both types of anti-Neu5Gc Abs-induced a dose- and complement-dependent release of selected cytokines and chemokines. Altogether, these data show that, compared with pre-existing anti-Neu5Gc Abs, ATG-elicited anti-Neu5Gc Abs specifically modulate genes related to cytokine responses, MAPkinase cascades, chemotaxis, and integrins and do not skew the EC transcriptome toward a pro-inflammatory profile in vitro.
- N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc)
- anti-Neu5Gc antibodies
- endothelial cells
- sialic acid