Elevation of plasma tyrosine after a single oral dose of L-tyrosine

Bruce S. Glaeser, Eldad Melamed, John H. Growdon, Richard J. Wurtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plasma tyrosine concentrations in twelve normal, fasting human subjects were significantly elevated 2-8 hours after they ingested 100 mg/kg or 150 mg/kg tyrosine. Mean plasma tyrosine levels were maximal after 2 hours, rising from 69 ± 3.9 to 154 ± 9.5 nmols/ml(X ± SEM) after the 100 mg/kg dose and to 203 ± 31.5 nmols/ml after the 150 mg/kg dose (p ≤ 0.001 for both doses). The mean tyrosine ratio (defined as the ratio of plasma tyrosine concentration to the sum of the concentrations of six other neutral amino acids that compete for the same blood-brain barrier uptake system) increased from 0.10 ± 0.02 to 0.28 ± 0.04 (X ± SEM) 2 hours after the 100 mg/kg dose (p ≤ 0.001) and to 0.35 ± 0.05 2 hours after the 150 mg/kg dose (p ≤ 0.005). No side effects of orally-administered L-tyrosine were noted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-271
Number of pages7
JournalLife Sciences
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Jul 1979
Externally publishedYes

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