Electrothermal Transistor Effect and Cyclic Electronic Currents in Multithermal Charge Transfer Networks

Galen T. Craven, Abraham Nitzan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A theory is developed to describe the coupled transport of energy and charge in networks of electron donor-acceptor sites which are seated in a thermally heterogeneous environment, where the transfer kinetics are dominated by Marcus-type hopping rates. It is found that the coupling of heat and charge transfer in such systems gives rise to exotic transport phenomena which are absent in thermally homogeneous systems and cannot be described by standard thermoelectric relations. Specifically, the directionality and extent of thermal transistor amplification and cyclical electronic currents in a given network can be controlled by tuning the underlying temperature gradient in the system. The application of these findings toward the optimal control of multithermal currents is illustrated on a paradigmatic nanostructure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number207201
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume118
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2017

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