Electron transfer at thermally heterogeneous molecule-metal interfaces

Galen T. Craven, Abraham Nitzan

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31 Scopus citations


The rate of electron transfer between a molecular species and a metal, each at a different local temperature, is examined theoretically through the implementation of a bithermal (characterized by two temperatures) Marcus formalism. Expressions for the rate constant and the electronic contribution to a heat transfer mechanism which is induced by the temperature gradient between a molecule and metal are constructed. The system of coupled dynamical equations describing the electronic and thermal currents are derived and examined over diverse ranges of reaction geometries and temperature gradients. It is shown that electron transfer across the molecule-metal interface is associated with heat transfer and that the electron exchange between metal and molecule makes a distinct contribution to the interfacial heat conduction even when the net electronic current vanishes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092305
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number9
StatePublished - 7 Mar 2017


FundersFunder number
US-Israel bi-national science foundation
National Science Foundation1665291
University of Pennsylvania
Israel Science Foundation


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