Electromechanical characterization of acute experimental myocardial infarction

Ran Kornowski, M. K. Hong, A. Shiran, S. Fuchs, A. Pierre, S. Elahham, M. B. Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. A new cardiac mapping system combines harmless magnetic field energy and tip-deflecting catheters (equipped with location sensors) to obtain realtime 3-dimcnsional electromechanical maps of the left ventricle endocardial surface without using x-ray fluoroscopy. This experimental study assessed electromechanical changes during acute coronary occlusion and reperfusion in a canine model. Methods. Group 1 (n = 10) underwent coronary occlusion for 45 minutes followed by reperfusion (n = 6) and group 2 (n = 11) underwent coronary occlusion for 90 minutes. Endocardial peak-to-peak voltage amplitudes and local endocardial shortening values were measured in ischemie and non-ischemic zones at baseline, following coronary occlusion and reperfusion. Results. In ischemie zones, local shortening was significantly reduced during coronary occlusion compared to baseline (Group 1: 4.7 ±2.0% at 45 minutes vs. 15.5 ±3.4%, p < 0.001, 6.2 ± 2.1% at 90 minutes vs. 15.5 ±3.4%, p < 0.001; Group 2: 5.0 ±2.9% at 90 minutes vs. 13.9 ± 3.3%, p = 0.007). Coronary occlusion caused a significant reduction in voltage potentials in the ischemic area (unipolar voltage at 45 minutes: 32.2 ±7.3 mV vs. 36.2 ±8.5 mV at baseline, p = 0.03; unipolar voltage at 90 minutes: 30.5 ±11.3 mV vs. 38.3 ±14.2 mV,p = 0.003; bipolar voltage at 45 minutes: 7.6 ±5.5 mV vs. 10.1 ±6.0 mV,p < 0.04; bipolar voltage at 90 minutes: 7.6 ± 4.4 mV vs. 9.8 ±6.2 mV,p < 0.02). Voltage amplitudes were no longer reduced during rcperfusion (unipolar voltage: 34.3 ±10.5 mV vs. 36.2 ±8.5 mV,p = 0.26; bipolar voltage: 9.1 ±4.5 mV vs. 10.1 ±6.0 mV at baseline, p = 0.37), or in non-ischemic regions during either coronary occlusion or reperfusion. Conclusions. Electromechanical mapping study provides unique insights into acute myocardial infarction and stunning by detection and localization of early electromechanical changes during coronary occlusion and/or rcpcrfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Volume11
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Elcctrophysiology
  • Mapping
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Stunning

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