Seebeck effect (thermo-emf), thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity of social hornet cuticle were measured in a direction perpendicular to the cuticular surface. The obtained value of the Seebeck coefficient (S) was about 3 ± 0.5 mV K-1 and its sign corresponded to an n-type (electronic) conductivity. Hornet cuticle is shown to be a fairly good heat insulator, with recorded values of the heat conductivity as low as 0.1-0.2 W m-1 K-1. The measured value of the electrical conductivity in the linear regime is σ = 8.5 × 10-5 Ω-1 cm-1. The thermoelectric figure of merit is computed. Implications for possible exploitation as a natural thermoelectric heat pump are discussed.