Electrical resistivity of sub-100 nm Cu films deposited by electroless on self-assembled monolayer of amino-silane activated with Au nano-particles

Evgeny Glickman, Alexandra Inberg, Nick Fishelson, Tamar Asher, Yosi Shacham-Diamand

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Self-assembled organic monolayers (SAMs) are good coupling agents and diffusion barriers at Cu/SiO2 and Cu/low-k interfaces and are considered therefore as important element of future all-wet ULSI metallization with sub-45 nm Cu deposited by electroless (ELD). We formed SAM of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxy silane (APTMS) onto SiO2/Si substrate, activated the surface of APTMS with 5, 15 and 25 nm Au nano-particles (AuNPs), deposited (30-100) nm films of Cu by ELD, and measured electrical resistivity ρ of the films in the as-deposited state and after vacuum annealing at 220 C. The size of AuNPs was found to be a key factor in getting low resistance sub-100 nm Cu films by ELD. The p ≈ 4 ± 0.4 μΣ·-cm - considerably smaller compared to the previously reported data - was achieved with the use of 5 nm AuNPs. XPS and AFM revealed nano-pores which can contribute to ρ but do not compromise likely the diffusion barrier properties of the SAM.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Metallization Conference 2007, AMC 2007
Pages601-605
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2008
Event24th Session of the Advanced Metallization Conference 2007, AMC 2007 - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 22 Oct 200724 Oct 2007

Publication series

NameAdvanced Metallization Conference (AMC)
ISSN (Print)1540-1766

Conference

Conference24th Session of the Advanced Metallization Conference 2007, AMC 2007
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityTokyo
Period22/10/0724/10/07

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