Electrical effects of histamine on monolayers formed in culture from enriched canine gastric chief cells

A. Ayalon, M. J. Sanders, L. P. Thomas, D. A. Amirian, A. H. Soll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To develop techniques for studying transport properties and secretory function of selected cell types in the gastric mucosa, separated fractions of dispersed canine fundic mucosal cells were placed in short-term culture to form epithelial monolayers. Cell fractions enriched in either chief, parietal, or mucous cells were prepared by using counterflow centrifugation and were plated on type I collagen. An epithelial monolayer formed by ≃36 hr. Immunofluorescence with an antipepsinogen I antibody revealed pepsinogen-containing granules in >95% of the cells, regardless of whether the monolayers were formed from the mucous, chief, or parietal cell-enriched fractions. Upon achieving confluency, chief cell monolayers were mounted in Ussing chambers to study their electrical properties. Under basal conditions, monolayers (n=6) had a spontaneous potential difference (PD)(±SEM) of 26 ± 4 mV (apical surface negative), a short-circuit current (I(sc)) (±SEM) of 16 ± 2 μA/cm 2, and a transepithelial resistance (R)(±SEM) of 1,480 ± 210 Ω x cm 2. Histamine increased the short-circuit current, an effect blocked by an H 2-receptor antagonist. Seventy percent of the spontaneous PD was amiloride sensitive, suggesting sodium absorption accounted for a major component of the PD. These preparative techniques yield highly enriched chief cell monolayers, which maintain morphological and functional cellular differentiation for >48 hr in culture, thus allowing study of oriented functions of a selected cell type. The present studies indicate that an H 2 receptor enhances electrogenic ion transport in chief cell monolayers, indicating that histamine can act on fundic mucosal cells other than just parietal cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7009-7013
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number22 I
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes


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