Electrical characterization of surface properties of the ATLAS17LS sensors after neutron, proton and gamma irradiation

M. Mikestikova*, J. Kroll, S. H. Abidi, A. Affolder, P. Allport, M. J. Basso, I. Bloch, A. Casha, V. Cindro, B. M. Ciungu, K. Dette, S. Dey, Z. Dolezal, D. Dudas, V. Fadeyev, J. Fernandez-Tejero, C. Fleta, L. Gonella, D. Gillberg, J. GunnellK. Hara, C. Helling, B. Hommels, A. Hunter, R. Hunter, J. Keller, D. Kisliuk, C. Klein, P. Kodys, T. Koffas, Z. Kotek, J. Kvasnicka, V. Latonova, I. Mandic, M. Marcisovsky, F. Martinez-Mckinney, J. Nicolini, K. Onaru, R. S. Orr, K. Peterkova, L. Poley, S. Pyatt, E. Rossi, K. Sato, C. Scharf, S. Sharma, E. Staats, J. Stastny, J. Thomas, M. Ullan, Y. Unno, S. Wada, V. Zahradnik, I. Zatocilova

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The high luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider, foreseen for 2027, requires the replacement of the ATLAS Inner Detector with a new all-silicon Inner Tracker (ITk). The expected total integrated luminosity of 4000 fb1 means that the strip part of the ITk detector will be exposed to a large radiation fluence of up to Φeq = 1.6 × 1015 1 MeV neq/cm and an ionizing dose of 0.66 MGy, including a safety factor of 1.5. Radiation-hard n+-in-p micro-strip sensors for use in the ITk have been developed by the ATLAS ITk Strip Sensor collaboration and produced by Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. In this paper, the results obtained from the electrical characterization of the latest barrel ATLAS17LS sensor prototype, before and after irradiation, are shown. Surface properties of the long-strip barrel, full-sized and miniature sensors have been studied before and after proton, neutron and gamma irradiation up to the maximal fluences and radiation doses specified for the ITk Strip tracker. Sensors have been irradiated by protons at CYRIC, Tohoku University (Japan), the Proton Irradiation Facility at CERN, Karlsruhe Inst. Tech. (Germany) and at the University of Birmingham (UK), by neutrons from the Ljubljana TRIGA reactor (Slovenia) and by gamma rays from the 60Co source in UJP Praha (Czech Republic). It has been verified that the surface radiation damage does not influence the sensor functionality. The breakdown voltage is well above the maximum operational voltage. All the tested surface parameters, such as the inter-strip resistance and capacitance, coupling capacitance and bias resistance satisfy the ATLAS ITk specifications for strip sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number164456
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
StatePublished - 11 Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • HL-LHC
  • Inter-strip resistance
  • Micro-strip sensor
  • Radiation resistance
  • Surface properties


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